Other articles from the author
Here on this page you can view/read papers I’ve written in the past, please note that hosting a paper on here does not imply it has been published, and the content hosted below has not been subject to peer review.
The work below belongs to Austin J. Bouck. You are free to share/print/cite any of the articles below as long as you cite source and author. Any attempt to plagiarize or use my work without citation will result in legal recourse.
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Among the many debates surrounding organic farming, the welfare of the livestock raised on organic operations is of critical concern to consumers and thus producers. As the organic movement continues to grow, these concerns need to be addressed both to justify the increased cost of organic products and defend the treatment of conventionally raised animals. The literature exploring organic philosophy and animal welfare was reviewed, and the USDA organic guidelines were compared with the goals of organic operations. The rates of disease on both organic and conventional farms were used to evaluate the success of preventative health programs. After determining that the ecocentric viewpoint of organic farmers allows good welfare to be present with a small amount of disease, that non-parasitic disease rates are similar or lower in organic operations, and the law requires organic producers not to withhold treatment from sick animals, it was determined that organic operations do not encourage decisions that negatively impact welfare. However, allowing antibiotic use without sacrificing the organic status of an animal would benefit organic livestock and encourage more aggressive medical treatment.
Date: June 2012
An examination of the challenges in working to incorporate positive reinforcement techniques into traditional horse training
Extension professionals and others who share agricultural knowledge often face the challenges of combating established methods and assumptions; this challenge is especially obvious when discussing horse training techniques. In this review of literature, the struggle to incorporate positive reinforcement techniques into contemporary horse training is discussed. After examining the techniques and exploring what makes new information difficult to incorporate into horse culture, we concluded that using handler safety as a reason to implement positive reinforcement techniques could be successful. However, widespread introduction of positive reinforcement techniques will still meet significant resistance.
Date: June 2010
With the population of horses over 20 expanding, and with many of those senior animals still actively participating in a variety of athletic activities, research on the physiological changes associated with age in the horse has significant economical value. In addition, owners and managers of these senior athletes will be interested in how their usual management techniques should be adapted to extend the use of these animals. This review explores the current literature available on the senior equine athlete, and attempts to both characterize the senior working horse, and identify specific concerns and goals related to their management.
Date: March 2012